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About Baikonur Cosmodrome
Baikonur Cosmodrome is the first and the largest operational space launch complex in the world founded by the Soviet Union back in 1955 following the ambitions space exploration plans of the country leaders. The cosmodrome is located in the steppes of Kazakhstan, about 200 kilometres (125 mi) east of the Aral Sea. Several factors influenced this location choice: remote area, low population density, availability of the railway connection (main line Moscow – Tashkent passes nearby, water supply (river Syr Darya).
The cosmodrome and the area around it is leased by the Kazakh government to the Russian Federation and is jointly managed by the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) and the Russian Space Forces. The area administered by Russia is an ellipse of 90 kilometres east-west and 85 kilometres north-south.
Baikonur is also the name of the nearby town of Leninsk (renamed in 1995 by the Russian President Boris Yeltsin) constructed to service the Baikonur Cosmodrome
BAIKONUR COSMODROME INFRASTRUCTURE
The information is provided by the Russian Federal Space Agency - Roscosmos
Cosmodrome coordinates: latitude 46 grad North, longitude 63 grad 40 min East. Area (without the territory for falling rocket parts) 6717 sq. km.
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